Public Management

Public Management (345)

A few years ago, Ghanaian authorities initiated digital transformation projects to boost the adoption of digital technologies and promote innovation in key productive sectors. 

Ghana inaugurated, Monday (July 18), its national e-pharmacy platform. The platform, dubbed “National Electronic Pharmacy Platform,” is the convergence of licensed local pharmacies. It “will enable Ghanaians to have access to prescribed medicines and buy them by making an order with a mobile phone through the ePharmacy app, website, or a shortcode, and have the medicine delivered to a requested location,” the government indicates. 

'The introduction of the National ePharmacy Platform (NEPP) is meant to safely and securely make available medicines, reduce the burden of cost and save time,” explained Ghana’s Vice President, Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia.

According to Ghana's Ministry of Communication, although cell phone penetration is over 100% in the country, people have yet to fully embrace ICT in their daily lives or business operations. Less than 10% of the population uses the internet and mobile broadband use is extremely low, the ministry informs. 

NEPP is part of the e-Transform strategy launched by the Ghanaian government a few years ago. The strategy aims to boost broadband access and improve the efficiency and quality of certain digital public services. It also eyes an enhancement of Ghana's digital innovation ecosystem to help create better jobs and a better economy. In addition, it will improve the allocation of government resources, leading to the efficient use of public funds. Above all, the strategy is expected to promote entrepreneurship and create more jobs. 

Let’s note that according to the World Bank, with an average of 19% growth rate annually between 2014 and 2020, the digital sector is one of Ghana’s best-performing sectors. 

 Jean-Marc Gogbeu

Posted On vendredi, 22 juillet 2022 04:29 Written by

Amid the accelerating digital transformation, most African countries are introducing electronic visa reforms. For authorities, electronic visa reforms can improve the administrative and financial management of travel documents.

Cameroon will launch the issuance of e-visas at its diplomatic missions, consular posts, international airports, and air, land, and sea borders by the end of July 2022. For that purpose, the country contracted research and development firm Impact Palmarès R&D SAS for a 10-year agreement to modernize, secure, and streamline consular services. 

According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the e-Visa project aims to centralize and secure the data as well as control movement to and from the national territory. “It will also reduce the distance to be covered by applicants to request for visa and the queues in embassies. Those issues are the main problems reported by the diaspora and foreigners who want to visit Cameroon,” indicated Minister of Foreign Affairs Lejeune Mbella Mbella. The government official also revealed that the e-visa platform will help secure government revenues since fee payments are made online. 

On Monday, June 27, 2022,  Impact Palmarès R&D SAS delivered the IT equipment to be used for the project at the various diplomatic posts and embassies. Barely a week later, Cameroon submitted a draft project amending the January 1997 law on entry, residence, and exit conditions to the national assembly. In the coming days, a legal framework is expected to include e-visas. 

“... To date, all the IT tools have already been developed. The equipment required has been delivered to Cameroon and [...] soon be deployed at diplomatic posts. The deployment has already begun at airports and it will be completed soon. Impact Palmarès is now ready to launch e-visa enrolment and issuance,” explains Ntaribo Ashu, Director General For Protocol And Consular Affairs at Cameroon’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Samira Njoya

Posted On jeudi, 14 juillet 2022 11:36 Written by

African countries are taking measures to avoid being left out in the current wave of digital transformation. Apart from internet connectivity, they are also addressing employability for socioeconomic growth. 

To attract more investors, Mauritius intends to improve employability in its IT sector. In doing so, the country aims to have 2,000 additional jobs created in its IT sector in the next two years. The figure was presented by its Prime Minister, Pravind Jugnauth (photo), last Thursday (July 7), during the official ceremony organized by Accenture Mauritius to celebrate its 20-year presence in the country. 

We are currently working to attract other tech giants to Mauritius. Based on the pipeline of projects facilitated by the Economic Development Board, in the next two years, 2,000 new jobs will hopefully be created in the IT sector.  They include notably programming, claims processing, customer support, cybersecurity, and data analysis,” the government official said.  

To improve employability in the IT sector, Mauritius plans to accelerate skills development by creating a Digital Industry Academy supported by Landscope Mauritius. A cohort of 1,000 people is scheduled to start artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and cloud computing training this month. 

According to Pravind Jugnauth, with a 6.5% growth, the country’s IT sector is the only one that has not been affected by the global health crisis.  In the sector, 30,000 people are already working for 900 firms, while 3,000 new jobs were created between 2020 and 2021, he added. 

Samira Njoya

Posted On mercredi, 13 juillet 2022 17:15 Written by

Thanks to information and communication technologies, African countries can efficiently manage their civil registration system, therefore improving population data and statistics. 

The Nigeria Digital Identification for Development Project (ID4D) will cooperate with the National Population Commission (NPC) to digitize the civil registration system. The information was disclosed by ID4D coordinator Musa Odole Solomon, during a friendly visit to NPCs executive chairman, Alhaji Isa Kwarra, last Thursday (July 7). 

At the end of the visit, Musa Odole Solomon expressed the ID4D project’s determination “to invest in the Civil Registry system to reinforce the foundational ID ecosystem by delivering National Identity Numbers at birth, as part of the birth registration process through links with the digitized Civil Register.” 

According to the coordinator, “the project is designed, following an Ecosystem model and not limited to any single organization. It, therefore, involves different agencies of government, the private sector, and civil society. The project had since identified the National Population Commission as an important ecosystem partner.”

In 2020, the ID4D project secured US$430 million from the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, and the French Development Agency. It aims to develop an efficient identification system that will enable access to essential services. Its ambition is to increase the number of biometric ID cards issued from 40 million to 148 million by 2024. 

According to Alhaji Isa Kwarra, the cooperation between ID4D and NPC will be useful in several areas. “We are trying to modernize our civil registration systems. We register births and deaths. We are supposed to be registering marriages and divorces, etc. Modernizing and digitizing our processes is very important and that is where you come in. We are willing to partner with you 100 percent. We are also involved in national identity coverage. I assure you of our total support and collaboration,” he said.

Samira Njoya

Posted On mercredi, 13 juillet 2022 14:50 Written by

In Africa, citizen identification is a real challenge. According to estimates presented by the World Bank in 2018, 45% (about 500 million people) of Sub-Saharan African residents were unable to prove their identity in 2018. 

State IT agency  Sénégal Numérique SA signed, Thursday, July 7, a partnership agreement with the mayors of 19 of Dakar’s municipalities. Thanks to that agreement, the municipalities will be connected to the IT agency’s digital platform Senegal Services, facilitating citizens’ access to administrative documents. 

“Thanks to the partnership, the civil status records issued by municipalities in Dakar will be accessible through the Sénégal Services platform and the state’s one-stop-shop portal. It will allow all those residing in the country to easily access those records,” explains Cheikh Bakhoum (photo, left), director-general of Sénégal Numérique.

Senegal and the European Union recently launched Nekkal, a program aimed at interconnecting civil registration centers and digitalizing civil status records. “We have already launched the digitization process. We will digitize 15 million civil status records, create an index of 30 million records and build 34 centers in the 14 regions. We will also train 3,000 civil registration officers and managers. Above all, we will train 600 archivists since we noticed that archiving is not factored in the management of civil registration,” indicated registrar general Aliou Ousmane Sall at the time.

The digitization of civil registration services will improve the traceability and reliability of birth data. So far, only 62% of children aged 0 to 5 years are registered at birth in Senegal. Those who are registered usually face several challenges including double matriculation and file destruction. 

Samira Njoya

Posted On mardi, 12 juillet 2022 17:42 Written by

One of the important reforms implemented by African countries in recent years is the introduction of biometric ID documents. The new system can help authenticate holders based on a set of biometric information. 

Benin will officially stop the issuance of non-biometric ID cards. The decision was decreed during the ministerial council held in Cotonou, last July 6. The country, through the National Agency for the Identification of Persons (ANIP), will replace them with biometric cards per the decree n° 2020-396 of July 29, 2020.  

According to a release issued after the ministerial council, the ANIP has taken, since 2020, appropriate measures to efficiently assume its tasks. Thanks to those measures, national ID cards’ processing time is reduced to one week, we learn. 

The satisfying results achieved by the agency prompted the government to “stop the issuance of non-biometric cards, which are no longer compliant with international standards,” the release reads. 

The new identity card is a visa-card-like document with an integrated microchip that stores biometric data like fingerprints, names, surnames, etc. Presented as a tamperproof document, it includes a QR Code (containing an electronic signature) and a holographic code making it hard to falsify the identification information. 

Samira Njoya

Posted On lundi, 11 juillet 2022 16:08 Written by

In Africa, the land management sector is confronted with several issues, from cumbersome administrative procedures to illegal documents. The Guinean government has decided to rely on technology for an efficient solution to problems affecting the efficiency of the national land leasing process.

The Guinean Ministry of Urban Affairs rolled out, Wednesday (June 29), habitatguinee.app, a land management platform. By rolling out the platform, the ministry wants to address the problems identified in the land management sector and help people (land lease applicants notably) easily complete administrative procedures. 

According to Minister of Urban Affairs Ousmane Gaoual Diallo, the aim of the platform “is clearly to promote efficiency and secure the collection of government revenues by mitigating potential risks.” 

During the roll-out ceremony, Prime Minister Mohamed Béavogui (photo, center) explained that a valid lease is required from citizens and investors alike for their construction or investment projects. 

The platform connects all the ministerial departments and institutions involved in the lease contract process in Guinea. It dematerializes the lease granting process and centralizes the already granted leases on a single platform,” explained Souleymane Diallo, a representative of Global High Tech, the Ministry of Urban Affairs’ partner in the development of habitatguinee.app. 

Adoni Conrad Quenum

Posted On mardi, 05 juillet 2022 13:00 Written by

As digital transformation is increasing in Africa, governments are intensifying public service digitization. It is, therefore, necessary to guarantee digital trust. Hence digital identification measures are being taken by some countries. 

The Tunisian Ministry of ICT signed Friday (July 1), a partnership agreement with the National Agency for Electronic Certification and telecom operators for the implementation of "mobile ID," a mobile identity project. The project concerned will transform sim cards into identity tools by linking users’ national identity card numbers to their phone numbers. 

"This new service will reinforce digital trust in Tunisia by giving citizens a new secured and simple tool that allows them access to all the digital services and also provides them a digital signature,” explained ICT Minister Nizar Ben Neji.  

Under the partnership agreement, telecom operators will verify users’ identities and link their phone numbers with their ID card numbers. The National Agency for Electronic Certification will issue personal identification numbers for every identified citizen. It will also generate personal QR Codes, which citizens can use to sign administrative documents online. The long-term goal is to allow Tunisians to connect to the public administration platform, log in with their identification numbers, request administrative documents, and sign them if need be online. 

Mobile ID was announced in February 2021, in the framework of the government’s digital transformation program. According to the Ministry of ICT, it will rid the public administration system of the certified signature and certified copy requirements. In its initial phase, it will facilitate Tunisians’ access to the 120 administrative services already digitized. Then, it will gradually be rolled out to include the whole public administration. 

Samira Njoya

Posted On mardi, 05 juillet 2022 12:53 Written by

During the coronavirus pandemic, e-education proved its worth. Apart from its practical aspect, it easily allows access to greatly diversified content. Several African countries have thus decided to adopt this teaching mechanism. 

In Cameroon, the Ministries of Secondary and Higher Education will mutualize their education system digitalization efforts. The will was formally expressed last Friday (June 24) during a meeting between Minister of Higher Education Jacques Fame Ndongo and Minister of Secondary Education Nalova Lyonga.  

The two government officials noted the initiatives taken by the government to digitize education through notably the Ministry of Higher Education’s Inter-university network’s supervisory center and the Ministry of Secondary Education’s distance learning center. They then decided to mutualize the said efforts to achieve economies of scale and attain the desired efficiency,” indicates a  release published after the meeting. 

The two ministries will mutualize their infrastructures and digital resources, notably the Ministry of Higher Education’s digital university centers and the Ministry of Secondary Education’s decentralized institutions. They will also build secondary education teachers’ digital pedagogy skills thanks to the IT department of  Cameroon’s teacher training schools. They also decided to regularly assess the collaboration initiated. 

The digitalization of Cameroon’s secondary and higher education systems is part of the education system modernization program contained in the 2030 National Development Strategy. It aims to create learning environments that allow teachers to easily share their knowledge and learners to swiftly pick up knowledge. 

Ruben Tchounyabé

Posted On jeudi, 30 juin 2022 13:06 Written by

This year, DR Congo has accelerated the modernization of its public administration. This project wants to improve transparency and management in state firms. 

DR Congo recently unveiled its plan for the digitization of 29 state firms. The plan was presented by State Minister Adele Kayinda during the ministerial council held last Friday (June 24). According to the government official, the digitalization project aims to ensure the traceability of the selected firms’ operations and facilitate transparency. 

The project will be funded thanks to private capital already negotiated, we learn. It will be implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Digital Affairs. For Digital Minister Désiré Cashmir Eberande Kolongele, in the framework of the digitalization project, a shared services platform will be acquired, local tech teams trained and the capacities of firms’ staff built.  

The digitalization of state firms will not only improve management and performance for transparent profitability but, it will also reduce physical records by digitizing hard copies,” the government estimates. 

The plan unveiled last Friday is the result of an instruction given by President Félix Tshisekedi during the March 18, 2022, Ministerial council. During the council, he pointed out the importance of digitalization and tasked Adele Kayinda to make sure every firm concerned urgently elaborates its digitalization roadmap. The project is in line with the state firms’ modernization program presented by the government in 2019. 

Ruben Tchounyabe

Posted On mercredi, 29 juin 2022 11:42 Written by
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